BANGKOK, 27 November 2014: Thailand’s Ministry of Public Health will increase surveillance at all ports in Thailand following an outbreak of the Black Death in Madagascar, Thailand’s National News Bureau reported Wednesday. The Ministry of Public Health has ordered officials in provinces with international ports to sterilize all ships anchoring at Thai ports and fumigate […] Read more...
On Monday, the 'Bangkok Post' ran what was touted as the "first interview" given by former Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra since the military coup of May 22, 2014, which ousted her government after nearly six months of anti-government protests and thus a manufactured political deadlock. Read more...
The Appeal Court dismissed charges against 10 high-profile civil society workers, including Jon Ungpakorn, a former Senator and the founder of Prachatai, and Supinya Klangnarong, currently National Broadcasting and Telecommunication Commissioner (NBTC), accused of instigating chaos and trespassing on the parliament compound in a 2007 protest against the military government led by Surayud Chulanont.
 
On 12 December 2007, the ten allegedly trespassed onto the grounds of parliament during a rally against the 2007 National Legislative Assembly (NLA), appointed by the 2006 coup makers, 
 
The rally took place because the NLA was rushing to pass several bills on issues such as internal security and the privatization of universities, without public participation.   
 
 
Jon Ungpakorn (center) talks to reporters after the verdict.
 
The Court of First Instance accepted lawsuits against Jon and nine others in December 2010 after prosecutors filed charges against them for trespass, inciting people to break the law, and leading an illegal gathering of ten or more people according to Articles 362, 116/3, and 215 of the Criminal Code.
 
After 51 witnesses testified in the case, the Court of First Instance sentenced six defendants to two years in prison with a 9,000 baht fine. Another four defendants were sentenced to a year of imprisonment with a 9,000 baht fine. However, since all defendants were cooperative during the investigation process and committed the alleged crimes with good intentions, the defendants’ penalties were reduced by one third and the prison terms were suspended for two years.  
 
At around 10:45 am on Wednesday, the Appeal Court, however, dismissed charges against the ten defendants because the defendants did not gather with criminal intent to trespass on the grounds of parliament.
 
The court said none of the defendants gathered to create instability or caused damage to parliament, but committed the alleged crimes because they merely wanted to complain that the 2007 NLA should not rush to issue new laws, but should wait until an elected parliament was formed.
 
The court added that the act is not trespass because this charge can be applied only when the trespasser causes disturbance in a property. However, the defendants only wanted to state the group’s stance against the NLA and no officers asked them to leave. Moreover, no property in parliament was damaged and other functionalities of the parliament were not obstructed. The court added that the ten left peacefully after Pol Maj Gen Aswin Kwanmuang accepted the written complaint from the group.
 
After the court’s ruling, Jon stated that laws which will affect people must be passed only by elected members of parliament.   
 
The ten are: 
  • Sawit Keawwan, the leader of the workers’ union of Thai State Railway
  • Sriwichai Maingam, the leader of Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand’s workers’ union
  • Pichit Chaimongkol, former executive committee member of New Politics Party
  • Anirut Kaewsanit, a farmer activist
  • Amnaj Palamee, Deputy Secretary General of the State Enterprise Workers’ Relations Federation 
  • Pairoj Polpetch, a committee member of the Law Reform Commission of Thailand
  • Saree Ongsomwang, Secretary General of the Foundation for Consumers
 
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In the days preceding the six-month anniversary of the latest military coup the three-finger salute made a comeback in Thailand, coinciding with the premiere of 'The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1'. It was a case of life imitating art imitating life. Read more...
Harrison George

For all its faults, Wikipedia has been a godsend to the Thai education system.  Think of the thousands and thousands of term papers and theses that have benefitted from a judicious cut-and-paste job, sometimes on a massive scale, sometimes even with proper attribution. 

In this way, Wikipedia has helped to secure a ready supply of suitably trained academics to serve the plagiarism-friendly educational institutions of the country.

But there are fears that Thai scholarship may be deprived of this invaluable resource and that the internet encyclopaedia may soon be blocked because of repeated blatant violations of the lèse majesté law.  This threat comes from the apparent willingness of the judiciary to see Article 112 as applying to all monarchs, dead or alive.

Last year the Supreme Court ruled that a glancing reference to a lack of personal freedom in the reign of King Rama IV (when slavery still existed) constituted ‘defaming, insulting or expressing ill will towards the king, queen, heir apparent or regent’, i.e. a crime with 3 to 15 as the statutory penalty.  And it didn’t matter that King Rama IV died in 1868, because by extension, this scurrilous comment negatively affected the current monarch.

Those who fondly conjectured that this was a transient fit of the vapours on the bench have had their hopes dashed by the latest prosecution of serial lèse majesté offender Sulak Srivaraksa for wondering aloud if the boy’s own heroics of King Naresuan (1555-1605) as narrated in hyperbolic school textbooks were completely factual. 

So, with the help of an eager Thai student who reads Prachatai to improve his English, I have taken it upon myself to ‘clean up’ the pages of Wikipedia so that Thai students can continue learning in their own distinctive way.  And we’re going to start with King Ekkathat.

Eager Thai student: Ah, the last King of Ayutthaya who braved personal danger to valiantly rouse his subjects to the defence of the capital, despite his, er, …

HG: Yes, I don’t think it would be very nice to specify exactly what he was supposed to have suffered from.  Shall we say ‘medical condition’? 

OK, that’s, er, very subtle. 

And not defamatory.  Everyone has a medical condition, after all.  But, valiant rousings notwithstanding, it was under his watch that Ayutthaya fell to the Burmese.  But perhaps the biggest difficulty is with the way he became King.

He wasn’t just crowned?

Well, after he snitched to his father, who was King, that his elder brother was having it off with one of the royal concubines, the King had his brother bludgeoned to death, removing one obstacle on his route to the throne.  There might be a few lèse majestés to get rid of there, the telling tales, the hanky-panky and the bludgeoning.

Erm, perhaps not.  The elder brother was Front Palace so certainly he may have been expected to become King but there was no ‘heir apparent’ as such in those days.

Ah, ‘heir presumptive’, good one.  So he’s not covered, so no problem.  Then the King skipped Ekkathat and made his younger brother heir.  Royal prerogative.  Nothing wrong with that.

So how did Ekkathat become King and not his brother?

When their father died, the brother did become King. But Ekkathat fomented a civil war, executed his half-brothers and forced his brother to abdicate.

Yes, well, a bit of sibling rivalry is quite normal.  It’s not really defamatory, is it?  Nowhere near as dangerous as claiming some Thais used to be slaves.

So you think we can get away with that?  OK, then there’s this story that he sneaked out of Ayutthaya under the Burmese siege, leaving the nobility to surrender and that was Ayutthaya’s lot.

Ah, yes, but that’s just what some foreigner said.  Foreigners are known to be incapable of understanding Thailand, so the story’s obviously not trustworthy.

So the foreigner may be guilty of posthumous lèse majesté but if Wikipedia couches this in the right way, I think we’re home and dry.

Except for his name.

His name?  Why?

Well the ‘ekka-’ means ‘one’ or ‘single’.

Yes?  And the ‘-that’?

That’s the root for things to do with vision.

Bugger.  This is not going to be easy.  Because it’s not just Thai kings we have to deal with, you know.  The law doesn’t say ‘the Thai King’, just ‘King’.  So we’ll have to do Richard the Third who was just exhumed from a car park.

The nasty one in Shakespeare?

Afraid so.  Then Ivan the Terrible, Vlad the Impaler, Caligula.

Who’s Caligula?

A Roman Emperor.  Off his rocker by all accounts.  Even had his horse made Consul.

Oh, that’s just like …

Comments like that are not at all helpful.


About author:  Bangkokians with long memories may remember his irreverent column in The Nation in the 1980's. During his period of enforced silence since then, he was variously reported as participating in a 999-day meditation retreat in a hill-top monastery in Mae Hong Son (he gave up after 998 days), as the Special Rapporteur for Satire of the UN High Commission for Human Rights, and as understudy for the male lead in the long-running ‘Pussies -not the Musical' at the Neasden International Palladium (formerly Park Lane Empire).

 

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After the paranoid Thai military pressured students in northern Thailand to cancel a discussion during lunch session, students responded with distributing anti-junta leaflets in university’s restrooms.  

Over 30 military officers came to Chiang Mai University on Tuesday afternoon to monitor an activity ‘Eating and Debating About Student Activities Under the Martial Law’, an event organized by students from Chiang Mai University of the northern province of Chiang Mai.

The activity which was supposed to take place at noon was eventually cancelled due to the pressure amounted from the military presence in the campus.

After the event was cancelled students reportedly distributed anti-junta fliers in the Student Association building’s restrooms. The messages of the fliers read, “No Coup”, “Stop intimidating students”, and “Dictator get out”.

Plain fliers with a message read "Dictator Get Out" in restroom of Student Association's Building of Chiang Mai University

According to the organizers of the event, the activity was meant to allow students space discuss and exchange ideas casually. However, a lot of military officer and police in and out of uniforms were seen in campus before the event was supposed to be held.

The cancelled event coincided with an activity to decorate Student Association’s Building of Chiang Mai University with the national and the King’s flags, which was allegedly planned by the university administrators to distract students from joining the anti-junta event.

In Bangkok at around 5pm, police in plain cloths and military officers also came to Srinakarin Wirot University in central Bangkok to find students who distributed anti-junta leaflets earlier.

On Tuesday morning, students from ‘Graft Liberty for Democracy’, a student activist group based in Srinakarin Wirot University in central Bangkok,distributed fliers to urge the junta to put an end to the imposition of the martial law and stop intimidating students.

According to Matichon, one member of the group stated that six months after the coup staged by the National Council for Peace and Order on 22 May, it is proven that the martial law does not solve the political problem in society which people have various different ideas. Therefore, the junta should reconsider this and remove the martial law as soon as possible.

Police (in plain cloths) and military officers at Srinakarin Wirot University in central Bangkok on 25 November evening (courtesy of Matichon)

 

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The Tour de France, the world's long-running, most prestigious (and somewhat plagued) cycling race, will start its 2016 edition from Manche in Normandy, France, with the rest of the route to be revealed on December 9. I might be going on a limb here, but I'm pretty sure that the last stage will be again on the Champs-Élysées in Paris. Read more...
Human Rights Watch

(New York, November 25, 2014) – Thailand’s military government is severely repressing fundamental rights and freedoms six months after its May 22, 2014 coup, Human Rights Watch said today. The ruling National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) has shown no genuine signs of restoring democratic civilian rule.

“Respect for fundamental freedoms and democracy in Thailand under military rule has fallen into an apparently bottomless pit,” said Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch. “Six months after the coup, criticism is systematically prosecuted, political activity is banned, media is censored, and dissidents are tried in military courts.”

Protesters who express disagreement with the junta—such as by showing the three-finger salute used in “The Hunger Games” movies as an act of defiance, putting duct tape or a hand over their mouths in public or in photos posted on Facebook—face a possible two-year prison term. Coup leader Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha, now prime minister and NCPO chairman, announced on November 17 that criticizing or obstructing him, the government, or the NCPO was unacceptable. He also undermined his claims about a road map to return to civilian democratic rule through free and credible elections, saying on November 21: “Don’t ask me to give you democracy and elections. This is not the right time.” Prayuth then added that the enforcement of martial law would continue “as long as necessary.”

The junta’s intolerance was exemplified on November 19 in northeastern Khon Kaen province when military authorities arrested five university students for standing up during a speech by Prayuth and revealing t-shirts emblazoned with “Don’t Want a Coup” in Thai. They then raised their hands to give the three-fingered salute, a symbol of resistance in Thailand since the coup. Shortly after the students were taken away to a nearby military camp, Prayuth announced, “Anyone else want to protest?” During interrogations, military authorities threatened the students with a military court trial for violating martial law and expulsion from their state-run university. However, after a public outcry, the five students were released without charge on November 20.

Two days later, another student was arrested for showing the three-finger salute at a Bangkok cinema. She was detained and interrogated at the Bangkok Army Club for several hours before being released without charge. In Chiang Mai, Loei, and other provinces, soldiers and police have summoned activists and students who posted self-portraits on Facebook holding up a three-finger salute and ordered them to sign agreements to cease all “anti-coup activities.”

The 1st Police Region commissioner, Maj. Gen. Amnuay Nimmano, told the media that people are not allowed to oppose the sovereign authority of the NCPO.

Suppression of Free Expression and Public Assembly
As part of its crackdown and attempt to maintain its hold on power, the junta has repeatedly vowed to prosecute critics of the monarchy, in violation of the right to freedom of speech, Human Rights Watch said. Thai authorities have frequently used the offense of lese majeste (insulting the monarchy) under article 112 of the penal code to intimidate, arrest, and prosecute people accused of criticizing the king and members of the royal family. At least 14 new lese majeste cases are pending in the Bangkok military court and in criminal courts around Thailand. On November 18, the Bangkok military court sentenced online radio host Kathawut Bunpitak to five years in prison for insulting the king. On November 24, the Bangkok military court jailed website editor, known by his penname as Somsak Pakdeedech, four years and six months for publishing an article that Thai authorities deemed to defame the monarchy. Under martial law, a military court verdict is final and cannot be appealed. The Bangkok criminal court continues to deny bail applications for Patiwat Saraiyaem and Pornthip Munkong, who were arrested on August 14 and 15 respectively for their participation in “The Wolf Bride”—a play considered by the military authorities to be insulting to the monarchy.

On November 12, national police chief Pol. Gen. Somyot Poompanmuang announced a ban on the book “A Kingdom in Crisis: Thailand’s Struggle for Democracy in the Twenty-First Century,” written by former Reuters journalist Andrew MacGregor Marshall. The police said the book insulted and fomented hatred of members of the royal family. Using powers under the 2007 Printing Act, the police ordered the seizure and destruction of copies of the book. Violators of the ban are liable to a prison term of up to three years.

Since the coup, the NCPO has enforced a broad ban on discussion about political issues, including topics related to democracy, freedom, and human rights, Human Rights Watch said. On November 21, soldiers entered Burapha University in the eastern province of Chonburi and forced the university to cancel a “Rights and Freedom of the People” seminar organized by students activists. On November 22, Chulalongkorn University canceled a seminar on the topic “Desirable Parliamentary System for Democratic System” that was hosted by the Institute of Human Rights and Peace Studies because the organizers had not received prior permission to hold the seminar from the NCPO.  

The junta has also tightened restrictions on media. On November 13, Lt. Gen. Suchai Pongput, the NCPO-appointed head of a special committee to monitor media, said that reporting needed to be controlled to ensure reconciliation in society: “We do not limit media freedom but freedom must be within limits.” The military pressured Thai PBS TV to remove Nattaya Wawweerakhup from the talk show “Voices of the People That Must Be Heard Before the Reform” after she allowed participants on a November 8 program to criticize the coup and raise concerns about repression under military rule.

The NCPO’s suppression of free expression and public assembly makes the government’s self-proclaimed “reform” process into a sham that lacks broad-based participation and strictly follows the junta’s guidelines, Human Rights Watch said. Public forums on issues such as land reform, forest conservation, energy policy, and tax policy have been canceled by the military citing concerns that the discussions could fuel social divisions. Any gathering of more than five people can be prohibited under martial law.

The NCPO has also targeted activists who disagree with the NCPO’s reform process. For example, local military authorities summoned 16 activists in northeastern Thailand to report to them after 12 human rights and civil society organizations issued a statement on November 3 that they would not participate in the reform process initiated by the NCPO, whose legitimacy and authority they questioned. Some of those summoned reported as ordered and were released following questioning and after promising not to engage in any further political activities. Some were compelled to publicly recant their views and issue a statement to that effect on Facebook.

On November 9, the military arrested and briefly detained Professor Prapart Pintobtang, a political scientist from Chulalongkorn University, and three activists after they attempted to organize a march against the NCPO’s forestry policy, which Prapart and colleagues believe could lead to forced evictions of many poor villagers across Thailand.

“Instead of a path toward the return of democracy, the junta is tightening its grip on free speech and any public criticism,” Adams said. “Simply offering an opinion on politics can land a person in military court and prison. The junta needs to reverse course and revoke martial law, end rights abuses, and take concrete steps towards democratic elections if it wants to persuade the international community it’s not a dictatorship.”

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For the fourth time the military court refused to grant bail to a man accused of writing graffiti mainly criticizing the junta and making reference to the king in the restrooms of a shopping mall, despite the suspect’s severe health conditions.
 
The military court on Monday for the fourth time declined a 2.5 million baht bail request of Opas C., a 67-year-old man charged with writing seditious messages which expressed disapproval of the junta and the Democrat Party and contained a physical description of the king. 
 
According to Sasinan Thamnitinan, the suspect’s lawyer, it is not necessary to detain the suspect further since all the evidence and witness testimony were uncomplicated and the interrogation process is complete. Moreover, Opas has retinopathy and might go blind if he is not treated properly.
 
However, the military court allowed the suspect to be detained further, citing the severity of the charge and flight risk. The court also said that the suspect can be treated at the prison hospital.    
 
Opas was caught by guards at Seacon Square mall in eastern Bangkok on 15 October and later handed over to the military by mall personnel. He was brought before the press on 17 October and charged with lèse majesté by the Crime Suppression Division (CSD) for writing the following message:
 
“The government of clowns that robbed the nation, led by f*** Prayut. They have issued ridiculous policies of amateur comedians. Their main job is to use the monarchy ([censored by Prachatai*]). Their main weapon is Article 112. I’m sick of seeing your face [Prayut’s] every day. It tells me that you [Prayut] are near the end because of the looming internal conflict.”
 
*The censored phrase, allegedly a reference to the King, merely gives a physical description of a person.
 
Opas is now detained at the Bangkok Remand Prison.
 
 
Opas at the military court on Monday
 
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Thaweeporn Kummetha and Kongpob Areerat
In reaction to the May coup d’état, many people took to the streets of Bangkok and elsewhere during the first few weeks to protest against the coup-makers. The voices of these political dissidents, especially those of the anti-establishment red shirts, however, eventually died down after many of them were arrested, detained, and charged harshly under martial law, imposed since 22 May. 
 
It has been six months since Gen Prayut Chan-ocha declared the military coup d’état. The arrests of anti-coup protesters during the first month of the coup and the summonses and detentions of politicians, activists and journalists seemed to succeed in creating fear among Thais, so that they stopped resisting and lived their lives normally. 
 
Anti-coup protest in central Bangkok's Siam Square in June
 
Six months of life under the junta and martial law has proved that it affects not only people who are against the coup. 
 
The junta’s policies, reforms and proposed bills touch on various issues including education, energy, natural resources, land reform, forestry, immigration, education and tax. It has become clearer that the junta’s direction of reform definitely benefits some groups of people while negatively affecting others.  The junta has also prepared several controversial bills to be passed by the rubber-stamp junta-appointed National Legislative Assembly (NLA). However, martial law prohibits people who are negatively affected by the junta from expressing their concerns and opposition. Every attempt to speak has a high cost. People who organize rallies have been detained, interrogated and forced to sign an agreement that if they stage any political activity again, they will be prosecuted by the military. Some need to ask for permission if they wish to travel abroad. Activities that did not involve Thai politics were also monitored and interrupted and some were banned. Examples include Amnesty International’s event calling for peace in Gaza, a meeting between a lawyer and her clients, a cultural event, and a panel discussion featuring a pro-military Democrat party member.  
 
When arresting organizers and banning such activities, the military usually say that anyone who wants to have a say in reform should submit a letter to the junta’s appointed National Reform Committee (NRC) and if anyone wants to complain, they should submit their complaint to the Interior Ministry’s Damrongtham Centre. Any other attempts to voice opinions are strictly prohibited.
 
 
Student activists organizes anti-coup activity at Thammasart University, Thaprachan Campus, on 29 May 2014
 
This strict censorship policy has been applied equally to all colours, even against the activists who initially supported the coup to overthrow the Yingluck Shinawatra government. Several seminars were banned even though they were organized in a constructive manner and joined by supporters of the coup. 
 
"If anyone disagrees with the NCPO, they have the right to think that way. But they cannot express that [disagreement], strictly," Khaosod English quoted Gen Prawit Wongsuwan, Deputy Prime Minister and a member of the junta's National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), as saying.  "The government is currently working to build reconciliation. We don't want any disputes," Gen. Prawit told reporters today.
 
The frustration from censorship led to a group of 12 NGOs and 16 activists from Thailand’s Northeast to issue a statement in early November, calling for the revocation of martial law. As expected, the activists were summoned and faced harassment. Nevertheless, a handful of human rights organizations were not deterred by the news of harassment and issued statements condemning the junta, echoing the call for martial law to be lifted. This has become a pattern of one act of harassment leading to others becoming more and more courageous and striking back.
 
The anti-coup wave reached its peak last week, thanks to the new generation. Last week, five student activists from Khon Kaen University in the Northeast gave the three-fingered salute to Gen Prayut Chan-o-cha while he was giving a speech for civil servants. Immediately, the military detained and interrogated them. The military used their parents and threatened that they would be fired from the university if they did not accept the conditions of the junta. 
 
They were finally released without charge -- safe and sound-- with some not even accepting the conditions. This courageous act broke the barrier of fear created by martial law and inspired many others, especially student activists, to follow. It also created a chain of activities of several groups of people calling for the release of the Khon Kaen student activists and the revocation of martial law. This also coincided with the sixth month anniversary of the coup. 
 
The courageous act by Khon Kaen student activists
 
The Northeast, also known as Isan, was a stronghold of the red shirts and Thaksin Shinawatra. Although the red-shirt movement has died down since the coup due to harsh repression, the new anti-coup wave which kicked off in the region has proved that people in this region are still the most politically active in the country. 
 
 
The timeline of the anti-coup wave 
 
In this timeline, Prachatai put together a record of the people's anti-coup activities and how the junta is using martial law to suppress them. 
 
*Note: the timeline does not include political dissidents, such as red shirts, who have been charged with offences under the criminal code, including Article 112, also known as the lèse majesté law. 
 
 
October 16: Education for Liberation of Siam, and organization of a group of high-school students who have been campaigning against the junta’s controversial education reform centred on the nationalistic 12 Thai values, submitted an open letter to Prayuth Chan-Ocha the head of the junta to reconsider the education reform agendas based on a defined set of morality and nationalistic values. Later on 23 October, the military tried to intimidate the group  by calling the director of the school where Nattanan Warintarawet, the group leader, is a student, and asked about her whereabouts and the group’s activities.
 
 
 
Nantanan (second from the right), the secretary general of Education for Liberation of Siam (ELS),  reads the ELS's stance in front of the Ministry of Education on 14 October.
 
October 24: The military harassed Boonyuen Siritum, a consumer rights and energy reform activist and former senator at her house in a bid to suppress rallies on energy reform. Boonyuen, however, insisted that she was not involved in the rallies.
 
November 4: 12 civil organizations based in Isan, the northeastern region in Thailand, issued an open letter titled ‘No Reform Under the Boot of the Military’ to denounce the junta’s legitimacy, the National Legislative Assembly, the National Reform Council, and the imposition of martial law. The statement accused the junta of using the martial law to limit public participations in national reform while trying to issue policies, which benefit the investors rather than the poor. 
 
November 5: The military and police officers came to observe a conference on Human Rights and the Constitution, in a bid to harass northeastern NGOs and activists many of whom were believed to be the signatories of the an open letter entitled ‘No Reform under the Boot of the Military’, drafted earlier against the junta’s imposition of martial law and reform agenda.
 
 
 
Police and military officers negotiate with the organisers of the conference on human rights and constitution on November 5 in front of the conference room
 
November 7: After the open letter ‘No Reform Under the Boot of the Military’ was publicized, at least eight signatories of the draft were forced to report themselves to the military at local military bases. This included one activist who was captured by fully armed soldiers and briefly detained earlier at a military camp. Some were also forced to post statements on Facebook that they were treated well under detention.
 
November 9The Northern Peasant Federation organized rally to urge the junta to abolish the “Return the Forest” policy, which affected thousands of poor people who have been evicted from protected areas. The rally, however, was forced to be cancelled by the military.  Four participants of the rally, including Prapart Pintobtang, a political scientist from Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, were briefly detained by the military.
 
 
 
Military police detain Prapart Pintobtang and put him in a prison vehicle on November 9
 
November 12: Land rights activists in Chiang Mai from Northern Peasant Federation planned to wear the group’s t-shirts with a message reads “First step towards land reform in Thailand” to a meeting with ML Panadda Diskul, the Minister of the Prime Minister’s Officer, to discuss land rights and land reform. The military, however, tried to force the group not to wear the t-shirt. On the same day, the military also prohibited the villagers from the northern province of Lampang to participate in the same meeting.
 
 
 Military officers negotiating whether the activists can wear the t-shirts or not on 12 November. 
 
November 14The military pressured the executives of Thailand’s Public Broadcasting Service (Thai PBS) to remove Nattaya Wawweerakhup, host of the “Voices of the People that Must Be Heard Before the Reform” , program who allegedly asked questions, which led people to make negative remarks against the junta. Earlier, during the program, Nattaya talked to villagers and activists of southern Thailand criticised the junta.  The alleged problematic question is that Nattaya asked the villagers whether they felt frustrated with the coup -- the coup they once paved the way for.
 
November 15The military forced the cancellation of a planned cultural event ‘Our land...whose land?’ with a mini concert and talks by Sulak Sivaraksa, a renowned social critic, and Pasuk Pongpaijit, a respected political-economist, because the junta was paranoid that the event would touch on political issues
 
November 16: The military and police detained at least four activists after they held a silent press briefing on the forced cancellation of the ‘Our land...whose land?’, a planned cultural event with a mini concert and talks by Sulak Sivaraksa, a renowned social critic, and Pasuk Pongpaijit, a respected political-economist. The military cancelled the event out of fear that it might be related to politics. 
 
November 18Students from Kasetsart University in Bangkok organised rally against the construction of Mae Wong Dam in the east of Bangkok. However, many police officers came to monitor the event and used the martial law to force the students to abort the rally.    
 
 
 
Police officers temporarily detain students planning to stage a rally against the construction of the Mae Wong Dam on 18 November at Kasetsart University, Bangkok. (photo courtesy of Abhisit Sapnaphapan)
 
November 17: The military summoned Kritsakorn Silarak, an activist from the People’s Movement for Just Society (P-Move), to a military camp in order to close down his personal Facebook page and a community Facebook page called, ‘Together, let’s open the gates of Pak Moon Dam forever’, citing that the Facebook pages bring discomfort to the authorities. Kritsakorn, however, refused and said that he would be willing to go to the ‘attitude adjustment camp’ if the military want him to.   
 
November 19Five student activists from the Dao Din group, a student activist group based in Khon Kaen University in Thailand’s Northeast,gave three-fingered salutes and wore t-shirts with a message reading ‘No to the coup d’état’, in front of Prayut Chan-o-cha, the head of the junta, while he was giving a speech in Khon Kaen Provincial Hall. They were later arrested and detained at the military camp. The military tried to force the five to sign an agreement not to get involve in any future political movement. However, only two out of five conceded to the order. 
 
November 19 An activist from Thai Volunteer Service Foundation posted and shared an anti-coup picture of herself taken on a mountain peak in Chiang Mai among friends. In the picture, she and her friend held the banners read “No martial law and No National Council for Peace and Order”. She was arrested the next day and reported that the military tried to force her to sign an agreement not be participate any political movement in the future and threatened that she might be detained for seven days if she failed to do so. She however refused to sign and was released without charge.
 
Siriporn Chayphet and a friend hold a sheet of paper reading “No Martial Law” and “No NCPO”. The sign below reads “Peak of Chiang Dao Mountain, 2,225 metres above sea level.” The spot is for tourists to take photos as souvenirs of their visit.
 
November 19: The police pressured cinemas in downtown Bangkok to cancel screenings of ‘Hunger Games 3’ after the five Khon Kaen student activists were detained for giving the three-fingered symbol derived from the movie to defy the junta’s leader.
 
November 1911 students from League of Liberal Thammasat for Democracy (LLTD), a student activist body of Thammasat University, organized a symbolic supper at the Democracy Monument in central Bangkok in support of the five Khon Kaen student activists who were arrested earlier for giving three-fingered salutes. They were arrested and detained briefly before released without charge.
 
 
LLTD members at Democracy Monument eat supper and flash three-fingered salutes
 
November 20: Khon Rak Ban Koed (KRBK) (People Who Love Their Homeland), anti-mine village activist group from the northeastern province of Loei, put up banners and took pictures of the act to support five Khon Kaen students activists who were arrested from flashing three-fingered salute in front of Prayuth. The were later summoned by the military to discuss about the group’s connection to the student activists and mining issues.
 
 
KRBK members taking pictures on Thursday. The placard reads, "To our children, Dao Din, looking for the path to Democracy, we stand with you", to support five arrested Khon Kaen student activists
 
 
November 20: The military banned ‘Land, disparity, tax: the step we have to choose’, an academic seminar on the Thai economy and income disparity and told the organizer that the matter can only be discussed with the junta’s National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO). The military also told the owner of the Reading Room, the planned venue in downtown Bangkok, that she need to ask the authorities for permission before holding any future event.
 
 
 
Five military officers visits to the Reading Room and tell the library owner she needs to ask for permission for any future event. 
 
 
November 20: A cloth banner, read “Government stop harassing university students” was put up at a pedestrian bridge at Kasetsart University, Seri Kaset, student activist group, based at the university condemned the arrest of Khon Kaen University students, praised them for their courage. It also urges the NCPO to lift the martial law and return democracy to Thai people as soon as possible.  
 
A cloth banner, read “Government stop harassing university students” was put up at a pedestrian bridge at Kasetsart University 
 
November 20: Student activists from Burapha University, Chonburi, urged the junta to stop intimidating students and give moral support to the Khon Kaen student activists.
 
Burapha student activists hold banners read "Stop intimidating students", "Free our brothers. Stop harass student", "Support for our brothers in Khon Kaen," "Free the five Khon Kaen students."
 
November 20: Three people in Chiang Mai took pictures of himself and two others flashing a three-fingered salute to support the Khon Kaen student activists. One of them was then arrested and only released after being coerced into signing the military-drafted agreement not to engage in political activity again. The military later tried to find the other two suspects in the photo, threatening that they would visit their houses. Later, the rest turned themselves in on 23 November.
 
 

Nitipong Samrankong (left) and two others flash the anti-coup salute at Thapae Gate, Chiang Mai on Thursday

 

 

November 20: A student activist gave three-fingered salute and showed a placard read "Prayut is President Snow" at Siam Paragon department store.

 

A student activist give three-fingered salute at Paragon Cineplex

 

 
November 21 A group of student activists called ‘Paradoxocracy’ based in Burapha University of the eastern province of Chonburi ‘Rights organized a seminar called ‘Freedom of the People in the D_m_c_a_y era’, which was scheduled to be held on 24 November. However, the military stormed into the university and forced the students to cancel the event, citing that they were not comfortable with what its title suggested.
 
 
 
Military officers come to the university and 'asked' not to allow the event to be held.
 
November 24: The police arrested eight student activists at Thammasat University after they distributed leaflets featuring a poem by Chit Phumisak, the late Thai poet and communist rebel, which reads "In an era of darkness, rule is by the gun, but people will still be people." The poem has become a talk of the town recently after Somak Jeamteerasakul, Thammasat historian, who now lives in self-exile in France, featured the poem on his Facebook cover.
 
 
Student activists distribute anti-coup leaflets at Thammasat University, Tha Prachan campus. 
 

 

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